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Europe Green Hydrogen Market By Production Technology (Electrolysis, Biomass Gasification, Photocatalytic Water Splitting); By Application (Power Generation, Industrial Processes, Transportation Sector, Other Applications); By End-User (Industrial Sector, Power Generation Companies, Transportation Sector); By Geography (Western Europe, Northern Europe, Eastern Europe) – Growth, Share, Opportunities & Competitive Analysis, 2024 – 2032

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Published: | Report ID: 36175 | Report Format : PDF
Historical Period  2019-2022
Base Year  2023
Forecast Period  2024-2032
Europe Green Hydrogen Market Size 2023  USD 189.02 million
Europe Green Hydrogen Market, CAGR  47.74%
Europe Green Hydrogen Market Size 2032  USD 6430.61 Million

Market Overview:

The European green hydrogen market is expected to experience remarkable growth in the coming years. It is projected to have a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 47.74%, with the market value increasing from USD 189.02 million in 2023 to an impressive USD 6430.61 million by 2032. This growth is primarily driven by the ambitious climate goals set by the European Union (EU), particularly through initiatives like the Green Deal and the Hydrogen Strategy. These initiatives aim to significantly increase the production, storage, and transportation infrastructure for green hydrogen in the region by 2030 and 2050.

One of the main factors contributing to this growth is the urgency to combat climate change and achieve net-zero emissions. Efforts to decarbonize hard-to-abate sectors such as transportation, steel production, and chemicals are leading to the adoption of clean energy sources like green hydrogen. Furthermore, advancements in electrolysis, storage, and transportation technologies are improving efficiency and reducing costs, making green hydrogen a more viable solution for decarbonization. Supportive government policies, including incentives and carbon pricing mechanisms, are also encouraging investment in green hydrogen projects and creating a favorable environment for market expansion.

However, there are challenges that the market must overcome, including high production costs, limited infrastructure, and regulatory uncertainty. Despite these challenges, there are significant opportunities for market growth, particularly in industrial decarbonization, renewable energy integration, blending with natural gas, and export potential. It will be crucial to leverage these opportunities while addressing the challenges in order to fully realize the potential of the European green hydrogen market and drive the transition to a more sustainable energy landscape.

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Segmentation Analysis:

By Production Technology:

In Europe, green hydrogen production utilizes various technologies, with electrolysis being the predominant method. Electrolysis, powered by renewable electricity, divides water molecules to generate hydrogen and oxygen, aligning with the region’s sustainability objectives. Another approach is biomass gasification, which involves converting organic matter into hydrogen gas through thermochemical processes. While biomass gasification offers potential for renewable hydrogen, careful consideration is necessary due to challenges related to feedstock availability and sustainability. Additionally, emerging technologies like photocatalytic water splitting, which utilizes sunlight to directly produce hydrogen from water, hold promise for the future but are still in early stages of development and commercialization.

By Application:

Green hydrogen finds applications in diverse sectors across Europe. In power generation, it is gaining traction as a clean fuel source, especially in regions aiming to decarbonize energy grids and reduce reliance on fossil fuels. Industries such as steel production and refining heavily depend on hydrogen, and green hydrogen provides a sustainable alternative to conventional methods that contribute to greenhouse gas emissions. Furthermore, the transportation sector is increasingly adopting hydrogen fuel cell vehicles as a zero-emission option, driving the need for the expansion of hydrogen refueling infrastructure.

By End-User:

A wide range of sectors in Europe are end-users of green hydrogen. Industries such as steel, chemicals, and refining are significant consumers of hydrogen, and green hydrogen offers an opportunity for these sectors to reduce their carbon footprint. Power generation companies are also transitioning towards renewable energy sources and exploring green hydrogen as a viable option for clean power generation. Additionally, fleet operators and public transport authorities in the transportation sector are seeking clean fuel alternatives, making green hydrogen an attractive prospect, particularly for heavy-duty vehicles.

By Geography:

The European green hydrogen market exhibits geographical variations across different regions. Western Europe, including countries like Germany, France, and the Netherlands, represents a mature market with established policies, ongoing projects, and supportive regulatory frameworks. Northern Europe, encompassing the Nordics and Baltic countries, benefits from abundant renewable energy resources and is actively pursuing green hydrogen development to decarbonize their economies. Meanwhile, Eastern European countries are showing increasing interest in green hydrogen, although their markets are still in the early stages of development.


By Production Technology:

  • Electrolysis (dominant segment)
  • Biomass gasification
  • Photocatalytic water splitting

By Application:

  • Power generation
  • Industrial processes (e.g., steel production, refining)
  • Transportation sector (e.g., fueling hydrogen vehicles)
  • Other applications

By End-User:

  • Industrial sector
  • Power generation companies
  • Transportation sector (e.g., fleet operators, public transport authorities)

By Geography:

  • Western Europe (mature market)
  • Northern Europe (growing market)
  • Eastern Europe (emerging market)

Market Drivers:

Environmental Concerns and Decarbonization Goals:

Europe is committed to addressing climate change and achieving carbon neutrality. As part of this commitment, green hydrogen is seen as a crucial element in the region’s sustainable energy transition. The European Union (EU) aims to be climate-neutral by 2050 and reduce net emissions by 90% by 2040. To meet these ambitious targets, the region is actively exploring alternatives to fossil fuels. Green hydrogen, produced through electrolysis using renewable energy sources like solar and wind power, is emerging as a clean and versatile solution across various sectors, aligning with Europe’s decarbonization goals.

Rising Demand for Sustainable Energy Solutions:

There is a growing emphasis on sustainability among consumers and businesses, leading to increased demand for eco-friendly energy sources. Green hydrogen, known for its emission-free nature at the point of use, is gaining significant attention as a sustainable energy solution. This rising demand not only drives investment in green hydrogen production but also fosters innovation in its application across industries, indicating promising growth prospects for the market. By 2024, the EU aims to develop 6GW of green hydrogen electrolysers within the EU, with an estimated cost of €5–9bn. This target is expected to scale up to 40 GW of EU-based electrolysers and 40 GW of non-EU-based electrolysers by 2030, with a cost of up to €44bn. Over the past eight years, the European Investment Bank has provided over €550 million in direct financial support for hydrogen technologies, mobilizing over €1.2 billion in overall investment.

Dependence on Fossil Fuel Imports and Energy Security Concerns:

Europe’s heavy reliance on imported fossil fuels exposes it to price volatility and geopolitical risks, highlighting the need to enhance energy security. Domestic production of green hydrogen, powered by renewable resources, helps reduce dependence on external sources, thereby strengthening energy security. This strategic imperative incentivizes European countries to invest in green hydrogen infrastructure and production capacities.

Government Policies and Incentives:

Government support plays a crucial role in accelerating the transition to green hydrogen. Policymakers across Europe are implementing various measures, including financial subsidies, tax incentives, and regulatory frameworks, to promote the development and adoption of green hydrogen. These supportive policies create a favorable environment for investment, innovation, and market expansion, driving the growth of the green hydrogen sector.

Technological Advancements and Infrastructure Development:

Continuous advancements in electrolysis technology and cost reduction efforts are enhancing the competitiveness of green hydrogen. At the same time, significant investments are being made in infrastructure development, such as pipelines, storage facilities, and refueling stations, to establish a comprehensive hydrogen ecosystem. These technological strides and infrastructure initiatives pave the way for broader integration of green hydrogen into Europe’s energy landscape, facilitating its role as a key driver of sustainable growth and decarbonization.

Market Trends:

Increasing Focus on Decarbonization and Energy Security:
European nations are prioritizing the reduction of their reliance on fossil fuels and imported energy sources. In 2022, the total demand for hydrogen in Europe was estimated to be 8.19 Mt. Green hydrogen, produced using renewable energy sources like solar and wind, is emerging as a clean and sustainable alternative for various sectors, contributing to decarbonization goals and enhancing energy security.

Supportive Government Policies and Regulations:
Governments across Europe are implementing policies and regulations that incentivize green hydrogen production and utilization. These include financial aid, subsidies, and favorable regulatory frameworks, creating a more attractive environment for investment in this nascent market. For instance, the EU hydrogen strategy, adopted in July 2020, aims to accelerate the development of clean hydrogen. The European Clean Hydrogen Alliance, established at the same time, is a forum bringing together industry, public authorities, and civil society to coordinate investment. Almost all EU Member States recognize the important role of hydrogen in their national energy and climate plans for the 2021-2030 period. The Council adopted conclusions on the EU hydrogen market in December 2020, with a focus on renewable hydrogen for decarbonization, recovery, and competitiveness. The EU has set the objective to become climate-neutral by 2050. The European Union’s ambition is to import 10 Mt of renewable hydrogen from non-EU sources by 2030.

Technological Advancements and Cost Reductions:
Research and development efforts are driving advancements in electrolysis technologies used for green hydrogen production. These advancements are leading to increased efficiency and cost reductions, making green hydrogen a more competitive energy source in the long run.

Developing Green Hydrogen Infrastructure:
Investments are being made in building infrastructure for green hydrogen production, transportation, and storage. This includes establishing electrolyzer facilities, hydrogen pipelines, and storage facilities, creating a robust ecosystem for green hydrogen utilization.

Market Restraints and Challenges:

High Production Costs: Green hydrogen production through electrolysis remains significantly more expensive compared to traditional grey hydrogen derived from fossil fuels. The high cost of renewable electricity, electrolyzer technology, and infrastructure development contribute to this price disparity. This economic barrier discourages widespread investment and market uptake for green hydrogen across various sectors.

Limited Infrastructure and Distribution Network: The current infrastructure for transporting and storing green hydrogen is underdeveloped in most European regions. Building a dedicated hydrogen pipeline network and developing efficient storage solutions are crucial for large-scale commercialization. Without this infrastructure, transporting green hydrogen over long distances becomes economically and logistically challenging, hindering its broader utilization.

Policy and Regulatory Uncertainty: While the European Union has set ambitious green hydrogen development goals, some aspects of the regulatory framework remain unclear. Uncertainties regarding long-term policy support, including subsidies and carbon pricing mechanisms, can deter potential investors and slow down project development. Consistent and well-defined regulations are essential to provide a stable and predictable environment for market participants, encouraging investment and innovation in the green hydrogen sector.

Lack of Standardized Certification and Guarantees of Origin: Establishing a standardized system for certifying the green origin of hydrogen is crucial for ensuring consumer confidence and transparency. Without clear and verifiable green hydrogen certification, it becomes difficult to differentiate it from grey hydrogen, potentially undermining the environmental benefits associated with green hydrogen production.

Public Perception and Social Acceptance: Raising public awareness and addressing potential social concerns surrounding green hydrogen projects are important considerations. Concerns about safety associated with hydrogen storage and transportation need to be effectively addressed through public education and transparent communication strategies. Fostering social acceptance for green hydrogen infrastructure development will be crucial for facilitating its smooth integration into existing energy systems.

Key player:

  • Air Liquide
  • Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
  • Cummins Inc.
  • Messer
  • Ballard Power Systems
  • McPhy Energy S.A.
  • Mahler AGS GmbH
  • Teledyne Technologies Incorporated
  • Xebec Adsorption Inc.
  • Plug Power Inc.
  • Nel ASA

Recent Developments:

  • In March 2023, Air Liquide announced the construction of an industrial scale innovative ammonia cracking pilot plant in Belgium. With innovative technology, the plant will enable the conversion of ammonia to hydrogen and contribute to the development of hydrogen as a key enabler in energy transition. The addition of the new plant will strengthen the company’s portfolio and augment its position across the industry.
  • In October 2022, NUVERA FUEL CELLS, LLC signed an MoU with H2Boat, a system integrator for marine applications based in Italy, to supply a fuel cell engine. The company will provide the fuel cell engine named E-45 to the H2Boat for marine kind approval certification as well as for integration in H2Boat’s upcoming HP Energy Pack with P>40kW. The use of hydrogen fuel cells in boats will reduce the noise, vibrations, exhaust emissions, and environmental costs related to diesel-powered vessels. This will further strengthen the company’s business footprint in Europe.

Regional Analysis:

  • Western Europe: This region is expected to hold a dominant market share throughout the forecast period. Stronger regulations, a well-developed hydrogen infrastructure, and a higher GDP compared to Central and Eastern Europe position Western Europe for early adoption and continued market leadership. Countries like Germany, France, and the Netherlands are at the forefront of green hydrogen development, with significant investments in electrolysis capacity, hydrogen refueling stations, and green hydrogen production facilities.
  • Central and Eastern Europe: While starting from a lower base, Central and Eastern Europe is also expected to witness notable growth in the green hydrogen market. This is driven by increasing investments in renewable energy sources and growing government initiatives to promote green hydrogen production and utilization. Countries like Poland, Hungary, and Slovenia are implementing favorable policies and attracting investments to establish a green hydrogen ecosystem in the region.

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Future Outlook:

  • Ambitious renewable energy targets: European nations are setting ambitious renewable energy targets, and green hydrogen production aligns perfectly with these goals, creating a supportive policy environment.
  • Falling renewable energy costs: The declining costs of solar and wind power, key sources of renewable electricity for green hydrogen production, will contribute to the economic viability of the market.
  • Increasing hydrogen demand across sectors: Green hydrogen is expected to find applications in various sectors, including transportation, power generation, and industrial processes, fueling market growth.
  • Development of hydrogen infrastructure: Investments in hydrogen refueling stations, pipelines, and storage facilities are crucial for market expansion and will likely accelerate in the coming years.
  • Stringent carbon emission regulations: As regulations to curb carbon emissions become stricter, green hydrogen will emerge as a clean alternative to fossil fuels, driving market adoption.
  • Technological advancements: Continuous research and development in electrolysis technologies used for green hydrogen production are expected to improve efficiency and reduce costs, further propelling market growth.
  • Growing investor interest: The potential of the green hydrogen market is attracting significant investments from public and private entities, providing the necessary capital for market expansion.
  • EU Hydrogen Strategy: The European Union’s Hydrogen Strategy outlines a roadmap for developing a robust hydrogen economy in Europe, providing a clear direction and support for the market.
  • Focus on green hydrogen production: As the focus shifts towards green hydrogen production methods powered by renewable energy, the market is expected to witness a surge in this specific segment.
  • Regional variations in market growth: The green hydrogen market will likely experience variations in growth across European regions due to factors like existing infrastructure, renewable energy resources, and government initiatives.

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Frequently Asked Questions:

What is the projected growth of the European Green Hydrogen market between 2023 and 2032?

The European Green Hydrogen market is projected to experience remarkable growth between 2023 and 2032, with a staggering Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 47.74%. Starting from USD 189.02 million in 2023, the market is expected to surge to a substantial USD 6430.61 million by 2032. This exceptional growth trajectory underscores the increasing demand for green hydrogen and its pivotal role in Europe’s sustainable energy transition.

What factors are driving the growth of the European Green Hydrogen market?

Several key factors are driving the robust growth of the European Green Hydrogen market. These include ambitious climate goals set by the European Union (EU), technological advancements in electrolysis and storage technologies, supportive government policies and incentives, rising awareness and demand for sustainable energy solutions, and the imperative to enhance energy security by reducing dependence on imported fossil fuels. These drivers collectively propel the adoption of green hydrogen across various sectors and contribute to the market’s exponential growth.

Who are the major players in the European Green Hydrogen market?

The European Green Hydrogen market is characterized by the presence of major players, including both established companies and innovative startups. Some of the key players in the market include Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy, Nel ASA, ITM Power, Hydrogenics (a Cummins Inc. company), McPhy Energy, Plug Power Inc., and Ballard Power Systems. These companies are actively involved in green hydrogen production, technology development, infrastructure deployment, and strategic collaborations, playing a significant role in shaping the market landscape.

How is the availability of European Green Hydrogen expanding, and through what channels?

The availability of European Green Hydrogen is expanding rapidly through various channels. One significant channel is through investments in electrolysis facilities powered by renewable energy sources such as solar and wind. Additionally, the establishment of hydrogen production hubs, storage facilities, and distribution networks across Europe facilitates the wider availability of green hydrogen. Furthermore, collaborative efforts between governments, industry stakeholders, and research institutions are driving innovation, technological advancements, and knowledge sharing, further expanding the accessibility of green hydrogen across the region.

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