Home » Propylene Glycol Market

Propylene Glycol Market By Source (Bio-Based, Petroleum); By Type (Food Grade, Pharma Grade, Industrial Grade Propylene Glycol); By End Use (Cosmetic and Personal Care Products, Consumer Goods, Chemical Intermediary, Food, Pharmaceuticals); By Primary Function (Propylene Glycol as Preservative Agents, Propylene Glycol as Humectants, Propylene Glycol as Emollients, Propylene Glycol as Solvents, Propylene Glycol as Stabilizing Agents, Propylene Glycol as Excipients, Others) – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2024-2032

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Published: | Report ID: 32772 | Report Format : PDF
REPORT ATTRIBUTE DETAILS
Historical Period  2019-2022
Base Year  2023
Forecast Period  2024-2032
Propylene Glycol Market Size 2023  USD 4.13 Billion
Propylene Glycol Market, CAGR  6.2%
Propylene Glycol Market Size 2032  USD 6.9 Billion

Market Overview

The global demand for Propylene Glycol was valued at USD 4.13 Billion in 2023 and is expected to reach USD 6.9 Billion in 2032, growing at a CAGR of 6.2% between 2023 and 2032. The propylene glycol market has been experiencing significant growth and transformation over recent years, driven by its widespread applications across several industries including pharmaceuticals, food and beverage, cosmetics, and industrial manufacturing. Propylene glycol (PG) is a synthetic liquid substance that absorbs water. It is used primarily as an antifreeze, but its versatility extends to being a solvent, humectant, and preservative in food, tobacco, and personal care products. This compound’s non-toxic nature, coupled with its ability to dissolve substances better than water, positions it as an essential ingredient in many formulations.

The global demand for propylene glycol is spurred by its extensive usage in the pharmaceutical sector for manufacturing oral, injectable, and topical formulations, where it serves as a solvent or carrier. In the food industry, PG is utilized as a food additive to maintain moisture in prepared foods, work as a flavor carrier, and as an anti-caking agent. The cosmetics industry also heavily relies on propylene glycol due to its role in retaining moisture in products and improving skin absorption rates of various ingredients.

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The market’s growth trajectory is further supported by the increasing adoption of propylene glycol in the production of unsaturated polyester resins, which are extensively used in the automotive, construction, and marine industries. Moreover, the shift towards bio-based propylene glycol, derived from renewable resources like glycerol, is opening new avenues for market expansion, catering to the rising demand for sustainable and eco-friendly products.

Key Market Drivers

The propylene glycol market is propelled by several key drivers that underscore its essential role across diverse sectors. Firstly, the pharmaceutical industry’s expansion, characterized by a growing demand for more sophisticated and safe drug formulations, significantly contributes to the demand for propylene glycol. As a solvent, PG facilitates the creation of both topical and ingestible medications with improved efficacy and stability, making it indispensable in pharmaceutical applications. Additionally, the global surge in health awareness and healthcare investment directly impacts the propylene glycol market, ensuring a steady demand for medical-grade PG.

Secondly, the food and beverage industry serves as a critical market driver for propylene glycol. Its function as a food additive to maintain moisture and preserve freshness in processed foods, coupled with its role in flavor blending and food coloring, supports its significant consumption. The rise in convenience food consumption, driven by fast-paced lifestyles and the burgeoning food processing sector, further amplifies the demand for PG. Furthermore, the cosmetics and personal care industry’s robust growth, fueled by consumer preferences for high-quality and long-lasting products, underscores the importance of propylene glycol as a moisture-carrying agent and stabilizer in a plethora of personal care items.

Key Market Restraints

Despite the burgeoning demand, the propylene glycol market faces certain constraints that hinder its growth potential. One primary restraint is the health concerns associated with prolonged exposure to propylene glycol, especially in high concentrations. While generally recognized as safe for use in food and pharmaceuticals, there are instances where excessive exposure has led to skin irritation or more severe health issues. This has prompted regulatory bodies and health organizations to impose stringent guidelines and restrictions on the use of PG in consumer products, potentially limiting its application scope and market growth.

Market Opportunities

The propylene glycol market is ripe with opportunities, particularly in the development and commercialization of bio-based alternatives. These opportunities include:

  • With sustainability becoming a global priority, the shift towards bio-based PG offers a lucrative avenue for market players. This not only addresses environmental concerns but also caters to the increasing consumer preference for green products.
  • Continuous research and development efforts are paving the way for innovative uses of PG in drug delivery systems and cosmetic formulations, offering enhanced effectiveness and consumer safety.
  • Emerging economies present significant opportunities for propylene glycol manufacturers, driven by industrialization, rising consumer spending, and increased awareness of high-quality pharmaceuticals and personal care products.

Interesting Facts About the Market

  • Propylene glycol is used in antifreeze and de-icing solutions for cars, airplanes, and boats due to its low freezing point.
  • It serves as a carrier for fragrance oils in the production of room sprays, perfumes, and air fresheners.
  • PG is instrumental in producing electronic cigarettes’ liquid solutions, acting as a base for nicotine and flavorings.
  • In veterinary medicine, propylene glycol is used as a solvent for antibiotics and vitamins for animal consumption.
  • The food industry uses PG as a solvent for food colors and flavors, and as a humectant in products like cake mix, salad dressings, and snack foods.
  • Propylene glycol’s hygroscopic nature makes it effective in maintaining moisture in cosmetics, thereby prolonging their shelf life.
  • It is a key ingredient in the manufacture of flexible foams for bedding, cushions, and automotive seats.
  • PG is used in theatrical smoke machines to create artificial smoke or fog effects.
  • The development of non-toxic antifreeze formulations with propylene glycol has significantly reduced the environmental impact of automotive coolants.
  • Bio-based propylene glycol, made from renewable sources, is gaining traction as an eco-friendly alternative to petroleum-based PG.
  • Propylene glycol is recognized as safe by the FDA and is classified as an additive that is “generally recognized as safe” for use in food.
  • Industrial-grade propylene glycol is used in fluids that control viscosity, dissolve active ingredients, and stop the corrosion of metals.

Top Key Players

The propylene glycol market is competitive, with several key players dominating the scene, including:

  • Shell Plc
  • INEOS Oxide
  • Huntsman International L.L.C
  • ADEKA CORPORATION
  • Chaoyang Chemicals, Inc.
  • Temix Oleo
  • Midland Company
  • Helm AG
  • Manali Petrochemicals Limited
  • Haike Chemical Group Co., Ltd.
  • Dow
  • Arch Chemicals Inc
  • Repsol
  • LyondellBasell Industries N.V.
  • BASF SE
  • ADM
  • Global Bio-chem Technology Group Company Limited
  • DuPont Tate and Lyle Bio Products
  • SKC

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 Competitive Landscape

The competitive landscape of the propylene glycol market is characterized by strategic alliances, mergers and acquisitions, and an emphasis on expanding production capacities and product innovation. Companies are increasingly investing in research and development to enhance the efficiency and applications of propylene glycol, including the production of bio-based variants to meet the rising demand for sustainable products.

Recent Developments:

  • In September 2023, Dow Company unveiled innovative, lower carbon, bio-based, and circular propylene glycol solutions in Europe. These solutions, designed for a wide spectrum of applications across various industries including agriculture, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, textiles, and food, signify a major advancement towards sustainability.
  • In March 2023, Ethos Asset Management Inc. USA announced a strategic long-term financing partnership with GreenGlycols® Green Glycols B.V., aimed at supporting the construction of a groundbreaking BioMPG production facility in Delfzijl, the Netherlands. This facility is poised to significantly impact the industry with an annual production capacity of 40,000 tonnes of green, drop-in USP grade propylene glycol. By leveraging plant-based feedstock, the initiative promises to markedly reduce carbon emissions. GreenGlycols® will utilize BASF’s technology under a licensing agreement, while Air Liquide is set to provide engineering services. The project’s core objective is to offer a sustainable alternative to fossil-based MPG, with an impressive potential to save up to 280,000 tonnes of CO₂ annually. With production commencement targeted for 2025, this venture is poised to meet the escalating demand for propylene glycol.
  • In May 2023 marked a significant milestone for sustainable propylene glycol production with the BASE technology at the ORLEN Poludnie Plant in Poland. Celebrating its first operational year, the BioPG facility at ORLEN Poludnie, a key player in Poland’s biofuels sector, has successfully converted glycerol—a by-product of biodiesel production—into environmentally friendly propylene glycol, known as BioPG.
  • In August 2021, BASF and SINOPEC expanded their joint venture at the Verbund site operated by BASF-YPC Co., Ltd. (a 50-50 joint venture between the two companies) in Nanjing, China. This expansion included increasing the capacity of several downstream chemical plants and establishing a new tert-butyl acrylate plant to cater to the burgeoning Chinese market, underscoring the global commitment to innovative and sustainable chemical production.
  • In October 2020, Dow and Evonik embarked on an exclusive technology partnership to develop a novel method for the direct synthesis of propylene glycol (PG) from propylene and hydrogen peroxide, aiming to achieve market maturity.

Regional Analysis

The propylene glycol market exhibits significant regional variations, with Asia-Pacific leading the charge, attributed to the rapid industrialization, burgeoning pharmaceutical, and cosmetics sectors, and the growing food industry in countries like China, India, and Japan. The North American region commands a substantial portion of the global propylene glycol market, with an estimated 35% share in 2022, underscoring its pivotal role in the market dynamics. This demand is propelled by several factors including a burgeoning population, escalating disposable incomes, and heightened awareness regarding personal care products. Additionally, stringent regulatory measures targeting volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are prompting manufacturers to pivot towards propylene glycol-based alternatives within the paints and coatings industry.

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Europe also hold substantial market shares, supported by advanced healthcare systems, stringent regulatory standards, and a strong focus on sustainable manufacturing practices. The Middle East and Africa, along with Latin America, are emerging as potential growth regions, propelled by increasing investments in healthcare, beauty, and food sectors.

Segmentations:

By Source :

  • Bio-Based
  • Petroleum

By Type :

  • Food Grade
  • Pharma Grade
  • Industrial Grade Propylene Glycol

By End Use :

  • Cosmetic and Personal Care Products
  • Consumer Goods (Liquid Detergents)
  • Chemical Intermediary (Unsaturated Polyester Resins, Functional Fluids & Antifreezes)
  • Food
  • Pharmaceuticals

By Primary Function :

  • Propylene Glycol as Preservative Agents
  • Propylene Glycol as Humectants (Binding Agent)
  • Propylene Glycol as Emollients (Softener)
  • Propylene Glycol as Solvents
  • Propylene Glycol as Stabilizing Agents
  • Propylene Glycol as Excipients (Bulking Agent)
  • Others

Future Outlook

The future of the propylene glycol market is marked by several trends and potential developments:

  1. Increased investment in bio-based propylene glycol production to meet environmental sustainability goals.
  2. Expansion in emerging markets due to rising consumer spending and industrial growth.
  3. Enhanced regulatory frameworks focusing on consumer safety and environmental protection.
  4. Development of advanced PG-based formulations in pharmaceuticals and cosmetics for improved performance and safety.
  5. Growing demand for PG in food preservation and flavoring, driven by the global expansion of the food processing industry.
  6. Advancements in recycling and recovery processes for propylene glycol to minimize waste and environmental impact.
  7. Collaboration between market players and research institutions to innovate and develop new applications for PG.
  8. Rising consumer awareness and preference for products containing safe and sustainable ingredients.
  9. Technological advancements in the manufacturing processes of PG to increase efficiency and reduce costs.
  10. Strategic partnerships and mergers to expand market reach and enhance product portfolios.

Report Coverage

This report offers an exhaustive analysis of the propylene glycol market, encompassing a comprehensive evaluation of market dynamics, key drivers, restraints, and opportunities. It provides an in-depth examination of the competitive landscape, including profiles of leading market players, strategic initiatives, and market share analysis. The report also delves into the regional market analysis, identifying key trends and opportunities across different geographies. Future market outlooks are discussed, highlighting potential growth areas and market forecasts. This report serves as an essential resource for stakeholders, investors, and participants looking to understand the propylene glycol market’s current state and future prospects.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is the projected market value of propylene glycol by 2032, and what is its current value as of 2023?

As of 2023, the global demand for propylene glycol was valued at USD 4.13 billion. It is expected to witness significant growth, reaching an estimated market value of USD 6.9 billion by 2032. This growth trajectory represents a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6.2% between 2023 and 2032, highlighting the compound’s increasing importance across various industries.

What are the primary uses of propylene glycol in different industries?

Propylene glycol (PG) is a versatile synthetic liquid substance that is primarily used as an antifreeze. However, its applications extend far beyond, serving as a solvent, humectant, and preservative across several sectors. In the pharmaceutical industry, it is used in oral, injectable, and topical formulations as a solvent or carrier. The food industry utilizes PG as a food additive to maintain moisture, act as a flavor carrier, and function as an anti-caking agent. Additionally, in the cosmetics industry, propylene glycol is crucial for retaining moisture in products and improving the skin absorption rates of various ingredients.

How does the shift towards bio-based propylene glycol influence the market?

The shift towards bio-based propylene glycol, derived from renewable resources like glycerol, represents a significant trend within the market, catering to the rising demand for sustainable and eco-friendly products. This movement towards bio-based alternatives is opening new avenues for market expansion, allowing the industry to tap into the growing consumer preference for green products, thus supporting the overall growth trajectory of the propylene glycol market.

What are the key market drivers for the propylene glycol industry?

Several factors drive the demand for propylene glycol across diverse sectors. The expansion of the pharmaceutical industry, characterized by an increased demand for sophisticated and safe drug formulations, plays a crucial role, with PG serving as an essential solvent in medications. In the food and beverage sector, propylene glycol’s role as a food additive, flavor carrier, and moisture maintainer boosts its consumption.

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