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India Thermic Fluids Market By Type (Mineral Oil, Water [Under Pressure], PAG and Glycol-based Fluids, Steam [Saturated and Superheated], Molten Salt, Others); By Source (Oxidation, Thermal Cracking); By Application (Crude Oil Extraction and Processing Industries, Natural Gas Processing Plants, Metal Fabrication and Finishing Plants, Food Processing Industries, Rubber and Plastic Industries, Paper Industries, Printing Industries, Textile Industries, Chemical Industries, Automobile, Pharmaceuticals, Building Materials, Plywood and Laminates); By Region – Growth, Share, Opportunities & Competitive Analysis, 2024 – 2032

Price: $1999

Published: | Report ID: 36178 | Report Format : PDF
Historical Period  2019-2022
Base Year  2023
Forecast Period  2024-2032
India Thermic Fluids Market Size 2023  USD 455.38 million
India Thermic Fluids Market, CAGR  9.12%
India Thermic Fluids Market Size 2032  USD 1171.05 million

Market Overview:

The thermic fluids market in India was valued at USD 455.38 million in 2023 and is projected to reach USD 1171.05 million by 2032. This market is expected to experience a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 9.12% from 2024 to 2032. The demand for thermic fluids is robust across various industrial sectors in India, driven by rapid industrial expansion, especially in segments like chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and food processing. Thermic fluids are preferred for their efficient heat transfer capabilities compared to traditional methods like steam heating.

Key drivers of the market’s expansion include an increased focus on energy efficiency amidst rising energy costs and environmental concerns. Industries are turning to thermic fluids for their superior heat transfer efficiency, which leads to significant energy savings. Additionally, government initiatives promoting the “Make in India” campaign and infrastructure development are expected to boost demand for thermic fluids across industries, further fueling market growth. Continuous technological advancements in thermic fluid technology are also expanding the application scope of these fluids, enhancing their performance characteristics and safety features.

However, the Indian thermic fluids market faces challenges such as fluctuating raw material prices, stringent environmental regulations demanding eco-friendly solutions, and a need for increased awareness among potential users. Addressing these challenges will be crucial for sustained market growth. Despite these obstacles, the Indian thermic fluids market remains poised for significant expansion, playing a vital role in supporting industrial growth, promoting energy efficiency, and contributing to India’s transition towards a more sustainable future.

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Segmentation Analysis:

By Type

The thermic fluids market is characterized by various types catering to diverse industrial applications. Mineral oil, a traditional segment, retains a significant share owing to its cost-effectiveness and established applications. However, concerns regarding environmental impact and flash point limitations may prompt a gradual shift towards synthetic options. Synthetic thermic fluids, including glycol-based and silicone-based variants, are anticipated to witness significant growth due to their wider operating temperature ranges, improved thermal stability, and environment-friendly properties. Other options, such as heat transfer fluids based on organic esters and molten salts, cater to specific niche applications.

By Applications

Thermic fluids play a vital role across a spectrum of industries. In power generation, they facilitate efficient heat transfer in solar, thermal, and biomass power plants. The chemical and pharmaceutical sectors rely on thermic fluids for heating and cooling processes, while the food processing industry utilizes them to maintain consistent temperatures during frying, drying, and baking. Similarly, in the textile industry, thermic fluids are crucial for drying, dyeing, and finishing processes. Additionally, they find application in sectors like rubber and plastics, paints and coatings, and oil and gas, reflecting their versatility and utility across diverse industries.

By End-User Industries

Process industries, encompassing chemicals, pharmaceuticals, food processing, and textiles, constitute major consumers of thermic fluids due to their extensive heating and cooling requirements. In the power and energy sector, thermic fluids play a pivotal role in solar thermal and biomass power generation. Additionally, infrastructure development projects may incorporate thermic fluids for specific applications, such as asphalt heating. These fluids are available in various temperature ranges, including low, medium, and high, catering to a wide array of industrial processes with different operating temperature requirements.


By Type

  • Mineral Oil
  • Water (under pressure)
  • PAG and Glycol-based Fluids
  • Steam (saturated and superheated)
  • Molten Salt
  • Others

By Source

  • Oxidation
  • Thermal Cracking

By Application

  • Crude Oil Extraction and Processing Industries
  • Natural Gas Processing Plants
  • Metal Fabrication and Finishing Plants
  • Food Processing Industries
  • Rubber and Plastic Industries
  • Paper Industries
  • Printing Industries
  • Textile Industries
  • Chemical Industries
  • Automobile
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Building Materials
  • Plywood and laminates

Market Drivers:

Expanding Industrial Base and Infrastructure Development

India’s industrial sector, which includes power, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, food processing, and textiles, is a significant driver for thermic fluids. These industries depend on efficient heat transfer processes for various applications, like heating reactors and drying products. With the expansion of production capacities and the establishment of new facilities, the demand for thermic fluids is expected to rise significantly. For example, in January 2024, industrial production in India increased by 3.8% year over year. Additionally, the gross value added grew by 8.8% in current prices in the years 2020–21 and by 26.6% in the years 2021–22 over the respective previous years. The government’s focus on infrastructure development, including projects in roads, railways, and renewable energy, creates further demand for thermic fluids used in asphalt plants and concrete curing processes. The government of India has embarked on an ambitious journey to revolutionize the country’s infrastructure landscape, aiming to bolster economic growth, enhance connectivity, and improve the quality of life for its citizens.

Growing Adoption in the Renewable Energy Sector

India’s ambitious renewable energy targets are driving the adoption of thermic fluids in solar thermal power plants. These plants utilize thermic fluids to transfer heat captured from sunlight to generate electricity. As India strives to enhance its renewable energy capacity, we anticipate a steady growth in the demand for thermic fluids in this sector, offering substantial prospects for market expansion. For example, India stands 4th globally in renewable energy installed capacity (including large hydro), 4th in wind power capacity, and 4th in solar power capacity. The country has set an enhanced target at COP26 of 500 GW of non-fossil fuel-based energy by 2030. This is the world’s largest expansion plan in renewable energy. India’s installed non-fossil fuel capacity has increased 396% in the last 8.5 years and stands at more than 190.97 GW (including large hydro and nuclear), about 44% of the country’s total capacity (as of February 2024).

Stringent Environmental Regulations and Shift Towards Sustainable Solutions

Increasingly stringent environmental regulations are encouraging industries to transition from conventional fuels like coal to cleaner alternatives. Thermic fluids offer a more eco-friendly heating solution with lower emissions and improved combustion efficiency. This regulatory push for cleaner operations is expected to drive the adoption of thermic fluids across various industries seeking to reduce their environmental footprint.

Rising Focus on Energy Efficiency and Technological Advancements

Thermic fluids provide superior heat transfer efficiency compared to traditional mediums like steam or water, leading to significant energy savings and reduced operational costs for industries. Continuous technological advancements in thermic fluid formulations, including higher thermal stability and wider operating temperature ranges, contribute to their increasing adoption. Moreover, the introduction of synthetic and bio-based thermic fluids offers more sustainable options, aligning with the growing emphasis on environmental consciousness among businesses. This focus on energy efficiency and technological innovation is expected to further propel the market growth of thermic fluids in India.

Market Trends:

  • Expanding Industrial Base and Infrastructure Development: The ongoing expansion of India’s industrial sector is driving the demand for efficient and reliable heat transfer solutions. For instance, India’s industrial production increased to 8% in December 2023, up from 2.4% in November. This growth is particularly noticeable in sectors like power, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and food processing. Thermic fluids, which offer advantages such as precise temperature control and energy efficiency, are becoming a preferred choice for a variety of industrial heating applications.
  • Focus on energy efficiency and sustainability: Rising energy costs and growing environmental concerns are prompting industries to adopt energy-efficient technologies. Thermic fluids, compared to traditional heating methods like steam boilers, offer significant energy savings. For example, India, being the world’s third-largest energy-consuming country, has seen its energy use double since 2000, with 80% of demand still being met by coal, oil, and solid biomass. Additionally, the availability of synthetic thermic fluids with lower environmental impact is gaining traction as sustainability considerations become more prominent. This is reflected in the fact that India’s energy development has seen a massive expansion in renewable sources of energy, led by solar power.
  • Government Initiatives and Policies: The Indian government’s focus on infrastructure development and initiatives promoting “Make in India” are creating favorable conditions for the thermic fluids market. Additionally, government regulations aimed at reducing industrial emissions and promoting energy efficiency are expected to further propel the adoption of thermic fluids.
  • Technological Advancements and Product Diversification: Manufacturers are continuously developing new and improved thermic fluids with enhanced properties like wider operating temperature ranges, improved thermal stability, and better compatibility with different heating systems. This diversification caters to the specific needs of various industries, leading to wider market penetration.
  • Growing Adoption in the Renewable Energy Sector: The increasing focus on renewable energy sources like solar and thermal power plants is creating new opportunities for thermic fluids. These fluids play a crucial role in heat transfer processes within these renewable energy systems, contributing to their overall efficiency.

Market Restraints and Challenges:

  • Price Fluctuations of Raw Materials: Thermic fluids are derived from various raw materials like crude oil, natural gas, and glycols. The Indian market is heavily reliant on imports for these base materials. Fluctuations in global oil prices and supply chain disruptions can significantly impact the cost of thermic fluids, making them less affordable for end users in certain sectors. This price volatility can create uncertainty and discourage investment in thermic fluid-based heating systems.
  • Lack of Awareness and Knowledge Gaps: Although thermic fluids offer several advantages over traditional heating methods, there is a lack of widespread awareness about their benefits, particularly among smaller and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Additionally, knowledge gaps regarding the selection, operation, and maintenance of thermic fluid systems can be a barrier to adoption. Overcoming these knowledge gaps requires targeted educational initiatives by industry stakeholders to promote the understanding and benefits of thermic fluids.
  • Stringent Environmental Regulations and Disposal Challenges: Environmental regulations regarding emissions and waste disposal are becoming increasingly stringent in India. Thermic fluids, if not managed properly, can pose environmental concerns related to potential leaks and improper disposal. Developing cost-effective and environmentally friendly methods for thermic fluid disposal and ensuring adherence to evolving regulations are crucial aspects of market growth. Investment in research and development of biodegradable or recyclable thermic fluids would be a significant step forward.
  • Competition from Established Heating Technologies: Thermic fluids face competition from well-established heating technologies such as electrical resistance heating, steam boilers, and furnaces. These traditional methods often have lower upfront costs, creating a hurdle for thermic fluids, especially for price-sensitive industries. Highlighting the long-term cost benefits, energy efficiency, and improved process control offered by thermic fluids can help overcome this challenge.
  • Skilled Workforce Shortage: The operation and maintenance of thermic fluid systems require a skilled workforce with proper training and knowledge.  A lack of readily available skilled professionals can pose challenges for industries considering adopting thermic fluid systems. Initiatives to develop training programs and educational pathways focused on thermic fluid technology can help address this workforce gap.

Key player:

  • Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (India)
  • Dow (U.S.)
  • Eastman Chemical Company (U.S.)
  • Huntsman International LLC (U.S.)
  • Paras Lubricants Ltd. (India)
  • Chevron Corporation (U.S.)
  • Indian Oil Corporation Limited (India)
  • Exxon Mobil Corporation (U.S.)
  • HP Lubricants (India)
  • Thermotech Systems Ltd. (India)

Recent Developments:

  • In September 2022, Bozzler Energy Pvt. Ltd. announced that the company would be showcasing its new designs of thermal fluid heaters at the Boiler India 2022 exhibition organized by Orange Beak Technologies, which was to be held at the CIDCO Exhibition Centre, Navi Mumbai. The new designs are expected to be highly suitable for environmental health and eco-friendly.
  • In August 2022, Shell Lubricants announced that the company would launch electric vehicle battery coolants (heat transfer fluids) in India after being attracted by the country’s electric vehicle market. As stated, the company will initially import electric vehicle thermic fluids but manufacture the product locally later in the country.

Regional Analysis:

Western Region (Maharashtra, Gujarat): This region is anticipated to hold the largest market share due to the presence of a well-established industrial base, particularly in chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and textiles. Additionally, government initiatives promoting industrial development in this region are expected to further propel thermic fluid demand.

Northern Region (Delhi, Haryana, Punjab): The Northern region is another key market driven by the presence of strong automotive and manufacturing sectors. Growing investments in infrastructure development are also anticipated to contribute to market growth in this region.

Southern Region (Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh): The Southern region is expected to experience significant growth due to the flourishing presence of automotive, aerospace, and food processing industries. Increasing focus on renewable energy generation in this region might also drive demand for thermic fluids used in solar thermal power plants.

Eastern Region (West Bengal, Odisha, and Jharkhand): The Eastern region is projected to witness steady growth, fueled by the development of coal-fired power plants and increasing investments in infrastructure projects. However, the growth pace might be slightly slower compared to the other regions due to a relatively less developed industrial base.

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Future Outlook:

  • Expanding Industrial Base: The ongoing growth and diversification of the Indian manufacturing sector, particularly in sectors like chemicals, pharmaceuticals, food processing, and textiles, will propel the demand for thermic fluids for efficient process heating.
  • Government Initiatives: Government initiatives promoting “Make in India” and infrastructure development are expected to create new avenues for thermic fluid applications, further stimulating market growth.
  • Rising Focus on Energy Efficiency: Growing emphasis on energy conservation and cost reduction in industries will drive the adoption of energy-efficient thermic fluids, creating opportunities for advanced synthetic thermic fluid products.
  • Stringent Environmental Regulations: Increasingly stringent environmental regulations regarding emissions will encourage the use of cleaner-burning thermic fluids, such as synthetic and bio-based fluids, impacting market dynamics.
  • Technological Advancements: Advancements in thermic fluid formulations with improved heat transfer efficiency, wider operating temperature ranges, and enhanced thermal stability will lead to the development of more application-specific thermic fluids.
  • Enhanced Customer Awareness: Growing awareness among industries regarding the benefits of thermic fluids, including operational efficiency, safety, and lifecycle costs, will influence market growth positively.
  • E-commerce and Online Sales: The increasing adoption of e-commerce platforms for thermic fluid sales is expected to improve market reach and accessibility for both suppliers and customers.
  • Focus on After-Sales Services: Increased emphasis on providing comprehensive after-sales services, including equipment maintenance and technical support, will be crucial for market players to gain a competitive edge.
  • Growing Demand for Bio-Based Thermic Fluids: Rising environmental concerns and the push for sustainable solutions will likely increase the demand for bio-based thermic fluids, presenting an opportunity for market expansion.
  • Consolidation in the Market: The market may witness consolidation as established players expand their product portfolios and regional presence, while niche players focus on specialized applications and innovation.

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Frequently Asked Questions:

What is the projected growth of the Indian Thermic Fluids market between 2023 and 2032?

The Indian Thermic Fluids market is forecasted to experience significant growth, with the market size expected to increase from USD 455.38 million in 2023 to USD 1171.05 million by 2032, representing a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 9.12%.

What factors are driving the growth of the Indian thermic fluids market?

Several factors are fueling the growth of the Indian thermal fluids market, including the expanding industrial base across sectors like power, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and textiles. Additionally, the growing adoption of renewable energy solutions, stringent environmental regulations promoting sustainable practices, and the rising focus on energy efficiency and cost optimization are significant drivers of market growth.

Who are the major players in the Indian thermal fluid market?

Major players in the Indian Thermic Fluids market include Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL), Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL), Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL), Castrol Limited (BP), ExxonMobil, Chevron Corporation, and Royal Dutch Shell. These companies contribute significantly to the market through their extensive product portfolios and technological advancements.

How is the availability of thermal fluids expanding, and through what channels?

The availability of thermic fluids is expanding due to growing industrial demand and increasing awareness of their benefits. Major channels through which thermic fluids are distributed include direct sales by manufacturers, distribution through authorized dealers and distributors, and online platforms. Additionally, industry-specific trade shows, exhibitions, and educational workshops also serve as channels for promoting and distributing thermic fluids within the Indian market.

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